Saturday, 30 March 2013

Total Maches

 Test Cricket

India Record/Statistic Player Match Details Ground
First Test 25/06/1932      
Tests Played 472      
Tests Won 119 (25.21%)      
Tests Lost 149 (31.57%)      
Tests Drawn 203 (43.01%)      
Tests Tied 1 (0.21%)      
Capped Players 276      
Highest Individual Innings 319 V Sehwag  26/03/2008 v South AfricaM.A. Chidambaram Stadium
Most Career Runs 15,837 S R Tendulkar  
Best Bat Avg (Min 25 Inns) 53.87 S R Tendulkar  
Best Bowling (Innings) 10/74A Kumble  04/02/1999 v PakistanFeroz Shah Kotla
Best Bowling (Match) 16/136 N D Hirwani  11/01/1988 v West IndiesM.A. Chidambaram Stadium
Most Career Wickets 619 A Kumble  
Best Bowl Avg (Min 50 Wkts) 28.53R Ashwin  
Most Career Catches 210R Dravid  
Most Career Dismissals 247 (211 ca, 36 st)M S Dhoni  
Highest Team Innings 726/9   02/12/2009 v Sri LankaBrabourne Stadium
Lowest Team Innings 42 20/06/1974 v EnglandLord's
Highest Run Chase Achieved 406/4   07/04/1976 v West IndiesQueen's Park Oval
First 100 Scored 102  Nawab of Pataudi Sr   02/12/1932 v Australia Sydney Cricket Ground
Average Runs per Over 2.91      

 One Day Internationals

India Record/Statistic Player Match Details Ground
First Match 13/07/1974      
Matches Played 817      
Matches Won 405 (49.57%)      
Matches Lost 371 (45.41%)      
Matches Tied 6 (0.73%)      
Matches with No Result 35 (4.28%)      
Capped Players 195      
Highest Individual Innings 219 V Sehwag  08/12/2011 v West IndiesHolkar Cricket Stadium
Most Career Runs 18,426 S R Tendulkar  
Best Bat Avg (Min 25 Inns) 51.85 M S Dhoni  
Best Bowling 6/12A Kumble  27/11/1993 v West IndiesEden Gardens
Most Career Wickets 337 A Kumble  
Best Bowl Avg (Min 50 Wkts) 27.45Kapil Dev  
Most Career Catches 156M Azharuddin  
Most Career Dismissals 273 (205 ca, 68 st)M S Dhoni  
Highest Team Innings 418/5   08/12/2011 v West IndiesHolkar Cricket Stadium
Lowest Team Innings 54 29/10/2000 v Sri LankaSharjah Cricket Stadium
Highest Run Chase Achieved 330/4   18/03/2012 v PakistanShere Bangla National Stadium
First 100 Scored 175  Kapil Dev   18/06/1983 v Zimbabwe Nevill Ground
Average Runs per Over 4.94        
 T20 Internationals

India Record/Statistic Player Match Details Ground
First Match 01/12/2006      
Matches Played 45      
Matches Won 25 (55.56%)      
Matches Lost 19 (42.22%)      
Matches Tied 0 (0.00%)      
Matches with No Result 1 (2.22%)      
Capped Players 45      
Highest Individual Innings 101 S K Raina  02/05/2010 v South AfricaBeausejour Cricket Ground
Most Career Runs 932 G Gambhir  
Best Bat Avg (Min 25 Inns) 33.60 S K Raina  
Best Bowling 4/12 Harbhajan Singh  23/09/2012 v EnglandR. Premadasa Stadium
Most Career Wickets 28 I K Pathan  
Best Bowl Avg (Min 50 Wkts) 16.22Yuvraj Singh  
Most Career Catches 16S K Raina  
Most Career Dismissals 29 (21 ca, 8 st)M S Dhoni  
Highest Team Innings 218/4   19/09/2007 v EnglandKingsmead
Lowest Team Innings 74 01/02/2008 v AustraliaMelbourne Cricket Ground
Highest Run Chase Achieved 211/4   12/12/2009 v Sri LankaPunjab Cricket Association Stadium
Average Runs per Over 8.01      

Saturday, 23 March 2013

Indian Cricket History

India cricket crest

India cricket crest
Test status granted 1932
First Test match v England England at Lord's, London, 25–28 June 1932
Captain M. S. Dhoni
Coach Zimbabwe Duncan Fletcher
Official ICC Test, ODI and T20I ranking 5th (Test)
1st (ODI)
3rd (T20) [3]


Before 1918

((The entire history of cricket in India and the sub-continent as a whole is based on the existence and development of the British Raj via the East India Company. In 1721, the first definite reference to cricket being played anywhere in the sub-continent is a report of English sailors of the East India Company playing a game at Cambay, near Baroda.)) The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is known to exist by 1792, but was possibly founded more than a decade earlier. In 1799, another club was formed at Seringapatam in south India after the successful British siege and the defeat of Tipu Sultan. In 1864, a Madras v. Calcutta match was arguably the start of first-class cricket in India.

1918 to 1945

India became a member of the “elite club” joining England, South Africa,New Zealand and the West Indies in June 1932. India's first match in Lords against England attracted a massive crowd of 24,000 people as well as the King of England, who was also the Emperor of India[2]

1945 to 1960

The major and defining event in the history of Indian cricket during this period was the Partition of India following full independence from the British Raj in 1947.
An early casualty of change was the Bombay Quadrangular tournament, which had been a focal point of Indian cricket for over 50 years. The new India had no place for teams based on ethnic origin. As a result, the Ranji Trophy came into its own as the national championship. The last-ever Bombay Pentangular, as it had become, was won by the Hindus in 1945-46.
India also recorded its first Test victory in 1952, beating England by an innings in Madras[2]

1960 to 1970

One team totally dominated Indian cricket in the 1960s. As part of 15 consecutive victories in the Ranji Trophy from 1958-59 to 1972-73, Bombay won the title in all ten seasons of the period under review. Among its players were Farokh Engineer, Dilip Sardesai, Bapu Nadkarni, Ramakant Desai, Baloo Gupte, Ashok Mankad and Ajit Wadekar.
In the 1961-62 season, the Duleep Trophy was inaugurated as a zonal competition. It was named after Ranji's nephew, Kumar Shri Duleepsinhji (1905–59). With Bombay in its catchment, it is not surprising that the West Zone won six of the first nine titles

1970 to 1985

Bombay continued to dominate Indian domestic cricket, with only Karnataka, Delhi, and a few other teams able to mount any kind of challenge during this period.
India enjoyed two international highlights. In 1971, they won a Test series in England for the first time ever, surprisingly defeating Ray Illingworth's Ashes winners. In 1983, again in England, India were surprise winners of the 1983 Cricket World Cup under the captainship of Kapil Dev.)
During the 1970s, the Indian cricket team began to see success overseas beating New Zealand, and holding Australia, South Africa and England to a draw. The backbone of the team were the Indian spin quartet - Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar and Srinivas Venkataraghavan, giving rise to what would later be called the Golden Era of Indian cricket history. This decade also saw the emergence of two of India's best ever batsmen, Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath responsible for the back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, under the captaincy of Ajit Wadekar[3]

1985 to 2000

((From the 1993–94 season, the Duleep Trophy was converted from a knockout competition to a league format.))
Several team names and spellings were altered during the 1990s when traditional Indian names were introduced to replace those that were associated with the British Raj. Most notably, Bombay became Mumbai and the famous venue of Madras became Chennai.

Anil Kumble

Rahul Dravid
During the 1980s, India developed a more attack-focused batting line-up with talented batsmen such as Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar and Ravi Shastri prominent during this decade. ((Despite India's victory in the Cricket World Cup in 1983, the team performed poorly in the Test arena, including 28 consecutive Test matches without a victory. However, India won the Asia Cup in 1984 and won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia in 1985.)) The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in India[3]

21st century

Since 2000, the Indian team underwent major improvements with the appointment of John Wright, India's first ever foreign coach. This appointment met success internationally as India maintained their unbeaten home record against Australia in Test series after defeating them in 2001 and won the inaugural ICC World T20 in 2007. India was also the first Sub-continental team to win at the WACA in January 2008 against Australia.[3]
India's victory against the Australians in 2001 marked the beginning of a dream era for the team under the captainship of Sourav Ganguly, winning Test matches in Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies and England. India also shared a joint victory with Sri Lanka in the ICC Championship, and went on to the finals in the 2003 Cricket World Cup only to be beaten by Australia.[3]
In September 2007, India won the first ever Twenty20 World Cup held in South Africa, beating Pakistan by 5 runs in a thrilling final.[4]
India won the Cricket World Cup in 2011 under the captainship of Mahindra Singh Dhoni,[2] the first time since 1983 - they beat Sri Lanka in the final held in Mumbai.

Organization of Cricket in Modern India

International Cricket

International cricket in India generally does not follow a fixed pattern. For example, the English schedule under which the nation tours other countries during winter and plays at home during the summer. Generally, there has recently been a tendency to play more one-day matches than Test matches. Cricket in India is managed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the richest cricket board in the cricket world. Indian International Cricket Squad has also provided some of the greatest players to the world, the biggest example of which is Sachin Tendulkar. Indian cricket has a rich history. The Indian national team is currently ranked the no.3 team in test cricket and as the no. 1 team in one day international cricket.

Domestic Competitions

  • Ranji Trophy - Founded as 'The Cricket Championship of India' at a meeting of the Board of Control for Cricket in India in July 1934. The first Ranji Trophy fixtures took place in the 1934-35 season. Syed Mohammed Hadi of Hyderabad was the first batsman to score a century in the tournament. The Trophy was donated by H.H. Sir Bhupendra Singh Mahinder Baha-dur, Maharajah of Patiala in memory of His late Highness Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji of Nawanagar. In the main, the Ranji Trophy is composed of teams representing the states that make up India. As the political states have multiplied, so have cricket teams, but not every state has a team. Some states have more than one cricket team, e.g. Maharashtra and Gujarat. There are also 'odd' teams like Railways, and Services representing the armed forces. The various teams used to be grouped into zones - North, West, East, Central and South - and the initial matches were played on a league basis within the zones. The top two (until 1991-92) and then top three teams (subsequent years) from each zone then played in a national knock-out competition. Starting with the 2002-03 season, the zonal system has been abandoned and a two-division structure has been adopted with two teams being promoted from the plate league and two relegated from the elite league. If the knockout matches are not finished they are decided on the first-innings lead.
  • Irani Trophy - The Trophy tournament was conceived during the 1959-60 season to mark the completion of 25 years of the Ranji Trophy championship and was named after the late Z.R. Irani, who was associated with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) from its inception in 1928, till his death in 1970 and a keen patron of the game. The first match, played between the Ranji Trophy champions and the Rest of India was played in 1959-60. For the first few years, it was played at the fag end of the season. Realising the importance of the fixture, the BCCI moved it to the beginning of the season. Since 1965-66, it has traditionally heralded the start of the new domestic season. The Irani Trophy game ranks high in popularity and importance. It is one of the few domestic matches followed with keen interest by cricket lovers in the country. Leading players take part in the game, which has often been a sort of selection trial to pick the Indian team for foreign tours.
  • NKP Salve Challenger Trophy - Started as the Challenger series by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in 1994-95 and later named as NKP Salve Challenger Trophy in 1998-99, the tournament features 3 teams: India senior, India A and India B playing each other. They were later renamed India Blue, India Red and India Green respectively. This competition also marked as the platform of return for some big names like Syed Adil and A. Eshwar in 2005-06 season after they battled injury and form respectively. The tournament features the top 36 players from across India and is also the most popular domestic structure after IPL.
  • Duleep Trophy - The Duleep Trophy competition, a first-class competition, was started by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in 1961-62 with the aim of providing a greater competitive edge in domestic cricket - because, apart from the knock-out stages of the Ranji Trophy, that competition proved predictable, with Bombay winning for fifteen consecutive years. The Duleep was also meant to help the selectors in assessing form. The original format was that five teams, drawn from the five zones, play each other on a knock-out basis. From the 1993-94 season, the competition has been converted to a league format.
  • Vijay Hazare Trophy- Named after the prolific Indian cricketer Vijay Hazare, the Trophy was started in 2002-03 as an attempt to bring the limited-overs game among a greater audience. The competition involves state teams from the Ranji trophy plates battling out in a 50-over competition, much on the lines of Ford Ranger Cup of Australia and Friends Provident Trophy of England. Since its conception, Tamil Nadu and Mumbai have won the trophy twice each. It is also dubbed as the Premier Cup by BCCI. It now joins Deodhar Trophy as the second one-day competition of Indian domestic circuit.
  • Deodhar Trophy - Started in 1973-74 by Board of Control for Cricket in India, it is the current one-day cricket competition in Indian domestic cricket. 5 zonal teams - North zone, South zone, East zone, West zone and Central zone feature in the competition. North zone have won this competition 11th time. It is also called All-Star Series due to some big names representing their Zonal sides in the one-day fixtures.
  • BCCI Corporate Trophy - BCCI have set up a 12 team inter-corporate tournament that involves all top Indian cricketers. The tournament involves 50-over-a-side matches with the winner picking up Rs 1 crore and the runner up getting Rs 50 lakh.
  • Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy - To be played for the first time in the 2008-09 season, this is the first of its kind zonal T20 championship and the third overall in the Indian cricket season, which would see Ranji teams divided along zonal lines into two groups with the tournament culminating in the All India T20 final between the winners of the two groups for the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy. Launched after the success of the IPL and the need of the BCCI to search for more talent in the growing regions of cricket.
  • Indian Premier League - In response to the rival ICL, the BCCI started the Twenty20 Indian Premier League (known as the IPL). This League has been launched by BCCI have received support from all the other Cricket Boards, and International Players could be drafted into City-based Franchises. The first IPL season was held from April 18, 2008 to June 1, 2008 where underdogs Rajasthan Royals, led by Shane Warne, won the first title at the DY Patil Stadium in Navi Mumbai[5] Based on regional loyalties, the nine-team tournament brings a unique and popular team and play auction system hand-picking some of the best international players in the world and teaming them with Indian players, both domestic and international, in one arena.The total prize money for the IPL was $3 million[5]
The game has been likened to Baseball with crowd participation encouraged more strongly than in other forms of the game. It has been greatly acknowledged by people and has made huge profits.
  • Inter-State T20 Championship - After India became another member of the ICC Twenty20 and played its first international T20 against South Africa, BCCI launched its own state structure in 2006-07 season, with 27 Ranji teams divided in 5 Zones. The final was played between Punjab and Tamil Nadu, which the latter won by 2 wickets and 2 balls remaining, thereby becoming the only ever winner of this series. In this series, Rohit Sharma also became the only ever Indian to register a T20 century for Mumbai against Gujarat. The competition was later replaced by a franchise-based IPL.

Thursday, 21 March 2013

About Mahendra Singh Dhoni

Mahendra Singh Dhoni

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MS Dhoni
Dhoni at Reebok event.jpg
Personal information
Full name Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Born 7 July 1981 (age 31)
Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
Nickname Mahi, MS, MSD
Height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)
Batting style Right-hand batsman
Bowling style Right-hand medium
Role Wicket-keeper, India captain
International information
National side India
Test debut (cap 251) 2 December 2005 v Sri Lanka
Last Test 25 February 2013 v Australia
ODI debut (cap 158) 23 December 2004 v Bangladesh
Last ODI 27 January 2013 v England
ODI shirt no. 7
T20I debut (cap 2) 1 December 2006 v South Africa
Last T20I 28 December 2012 v Pakistan
Domestic team information
Years Team
1999/00–2004/05 Bihar
2004/05- Jharkhand
2008– Chennai Super Kings
Career statistics
Competition Test ODI FC T20Is
Matches 73 219 114 42
Runs scored 4,090 7,259 6,045 748
Batting average 38.06 51.85 36.63 31.16
100s/50s 5/28 8/48 8/42 0/0
Top score 224 [1] 183* 148 48*
Balls bowled 78 12 108
Wickets 0 1 0
Bowling average 14.00
5 wickets in innings
10 wickets in match
Best bowling 1/14
Catches/stumpings 203/31 206/68 311/50 21/8
Source: ESPNCricinfo, 28 January 2013
Mahendra Singh Dhoni About this sound pronunciation (born 7 July 1981), commonly known as M. S. Dhoni, is an Indian cricketer and the current captain of the Indian national cricket team and the Chennai Super Kings cricket team. He made his One Day International (ODI) debut in December 2004 against Bangladesh, and a year later played his first Test, this time against Sri Lanka.
He is captain of India in all three forms of the game and also led the team to their first ever bilateral ODI series wins in Sri Lanka and New Zealand. Under Dhoni's captaincy India became the first team after a gap of more than 20 years to whitewash Australia in a Test series. Dhoni also led the Indian team to the number one position in ICC rankings in Test cricket for the first time. Under his captaincy, India won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, CB Series of 2007–08, the Border-Gavaskar Trophy in 2008 and 2010 against Australia 2–0, Asia cup 2010 and 2011 World Cup. His Test and ODI records are the best for Indian captains to date. He also captained Chennai Super Kings to victory in the recent 2011 IPL and in the Champions League. He was named as the captain of ICC World Test and ICC ODI teams for 2009. In the final of the 2011 Cricket World Cup, he hit 91 not out of just 79 balls to lead India to victory. For his outstanding batting in the final, he was awarded as the man of the match.
Dhoni also holds the post of Vice-President of India Cements Ltd. (ICL) after resigning from Air India. ICL is the owner of the IPL team Chennai Super Kings, and Dhoni has been its captain since the first edition of IPL.[2][3]
Dhoni has also been the recipient of many awards including the ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first Indian player to achieve this feat), the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award and the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian honour in 2009. In 2009 Dhoni topped the list of world’s top 10 earning cricketers compiled by Forbes[4] and he has been ranked as 31st richest sportsman in the world according to the Forbes Highest Paid Athletes for the year 2012. Dhoni’s total earnings are estimated to be USD 26.5 million according to Forbes. Thus he has became the richest Indian sportsman surpassing Sachin Tendulkar.[5][6][7] The TIME magazine added him in its "Time 100" list of 100 most influential people of 2011.[8] SportsPro has rated MS Dhoni as the 16th most remarkable athlete in the world.[9]
In March 2013 he became the most successful Indian Test captain when he eclipsed Sourav Ganguly’s record of 21 victories from 49 Tests.[10]

Early life and background

Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand),[11] and he identifies as being a Rajput.[12] His paternal village Lvali is in the Lamgarha block of the Almora District of Uttarakhand. Dhoni's parents, moved from Uttarakhand to Ranchi where Pan Singh worked in junior management positions in MECON. Dhoni has a sister Jayanti Gupta and a brother Narendra Singh Dhoni.[13][14] Dhoni is a fan of Adam Gilchrist, and his childhood idols were cricket teammate Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan and singer Lata Mangeshkar.Shreya Ghoshal is his current favourite singer. He said this in front a press conference with Pune Mirror.[15][16]
Dhoni studied at DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali,(now the school is known as JVM, Shyamli, Ranchi) Ranchi, Jharkhand where he initially excelled in badminton and football and was selected at district and club level in these sports. Dhoni was a goalkeeper for his football team and was sent to play cricket for a local cricket club by his football coach. Though he had not played cricket, Dhoni impressed with his wicket-keeping skills and became the regular wicketkeeper at the Commando cricket club (1995–1998). Based on his performance at club cricket, he was picked for the 1997/98 season Vinoo Mankad Trophy Under-16 Championship and he performed well.[14] Dhoni focused on cricket after his 10th standard.[17] Dhoni was a Train Ticket Examiner (TTE) at Kharagpur railway station from 2001 to 2003, under South Eastern Railway in Midnapore (W), a district in West Bengal. His colleagues remember him as a very honest, straightforward employee of the Indian Railways. But he also had a mischievous side to his personality. Once, while staying at the railway quarters, Dhoni and a couple of his friends covered themselves in white bedsheets and walked around in the complex late in the night. The night guards were fooled into believing that there were ghosts moving around in the complex. The story made big news on the next day.[18][19][20]

Personal life

Sakshi Singh Rawat, Dhoni's wife
Dhoni married Sakshi Singh Rawat, a native of Dehradun, Uttarakhand, on 4 July 2010. At the time of their marriage, she was studying Hotel Management and was working as a trainee at the Taj Bengal, Kolkata. After the retirement of Sakshi’s father from tea gardens, their family shifted to their native place, Dehradun.
The wedding stumped the media and the fans as it took place only a day after the couple got engaged.[21][22] Bollywood actress Bipasha Basu, a close friend of Dhoni, was quick to inform the media that the wedding was planned for months and was not a spur of the moment decision.[23]

Playing style

Dhoni is a right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper. Dhoni is one of the number of wicket-keepers who have come through the ranks of junior and India A cricket teams to represent the national team – Parthiv Patel, Ajay Ratra and Dinesh Karthik also followed this route. Dhoni, referred to as 'Mahi' by his friends, debuted in the Bihar cricket team during the 1998/99 cricket season and was selected to represent India-A for a tour to Kenya in 2004. Along with Gautam Gambhir, Dhoni made multiple centuries against the Pakistan-A team in a tri-nation series and was selected in the Indian national team later in that year.[24]
Dhoni tends to play mostly from the back foot with a pronounced bottom hand grip. He has a very fast hand speed through the ball which often results in the ball racing across the ground. From this initial stance his feet do not show much movement which sometimes results in chasing balls while not coming to the pitch of the ball or to some deliveries catching the inside edge.
Dhoni scored 148 against Pakistan in his fifth ODI match in 2005 – then the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper. Later in the year, he broke his own record as well as set the current world record for the highest score in the second innings in ODI matches as he scored 183* against Sri Lanka. Dhoni's success in the limited overs format secured him a place in the Test team. Consistent performances in ODI cricket through the end of the 2005/06 season saw Dhoni briefly ranked as the No. 1 batsman in the ICC ODI ratings.[14]
Dhoni's form dipped through 2006 as India lost matches at the ICC Champions trophy, DLF Cup, away bilateral series against West Indies and South Africa. A return to form in the home series against West Indies and Sri Lanka in early 2007 proved to be an inaccurate indicator of Dhoni's form as India crashed out of the first round in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Dhoni was out for a duck in both India's losses. After the World Cup, Dhoni won the Man of the series award in the bilateral ODI tournament against Bangladesh. For the tour of England, Dhoni was named the ODI team vice-captain.[25]
Only nine players have captained ten or more Tests while playing as a wicket-keeper. Dhoni leads the field with 33 Tests as captain, 15 ahead of Gerry Alexander in second place.[26]

Domestic career

Junior cricket in Bihar

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 1999–2000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab under-19s' 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[27] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[28] Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament.

Bihar cricket team

Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 1999–2000 season as an eighteen-year-old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[29] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century while playing for Bihar against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[30] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[31] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[32]

Jharkhand cricket team

Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style.In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[33] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[34]
The future captain was discovered via the BCCI's small-town talent-spotting initiative TRDW. Dhoni was discovered by TRDO PC Podar, captain of Bengal in the 1960s, when he saw Dhoni play for Jharkhand at a match in Jamshedpur in 2003, and sent a report to the National Cricket Academy.[35]

India A team

He was recognised for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[36] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[37] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[38] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries – 120[39] and 119*[40] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Avg:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then Indian Cricket team captain – Sourav Ganguly[41] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Dinesh Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as Wicket-keeper/Batsman.[42]

Indian Premier League

M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season auctions.[43] Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings Team. Under his captaincy, Chennai Super Kings have won 2 Indian Premier League titles and the 2010 Champions League Twenty20.

Batting Stats in IPL and Champions League Twenty20

Tournament Matches Innings Not Out Runs Highest Strike Rate Average 50s
2008 Indian Premier League 16 14 4 414 65 133.54 41.40 2[44]
2009 Indian Premier League 14 13 5 332 58* 127.20 41.50 2[45]
2010 Indian Premier League 13 11 2 287 66* 136.66 31.88 2[46]
2010 Champions League Twenty20 6 5 3 91 31* 130.00 45.50 0[47]
2011 Indian Premier League 16 13 4 392 70* 158.70 43.55 2[48]
2011 Champions League Twenty20 4 4 1 46 22* 82.14 15.33 0[49]
2012 Indian Premier League 19 17 5 357 51* 128.41 29.75 1[50]
TOTAL- In IPL and Champions League Twenty20
Tournament Matches Innings Not Out Runs Highest Strike Rate Average 50s
In Indian Premier League 59 51 15 1425 70* 138.61 39.58 8[51]
In Champions League Twenty20 10 9 4 137 31* 108.73 27.40 0
Overall 69 60 19 1562 70* 135.35 38.09 8[52]

ODI career

ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression.
The Indian team in the 2000s (decade) saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[41] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik – both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[41] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[53] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[54] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[55] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 surpassed the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[56] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year.
Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (October–November 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[57] – an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[58] The innings set various records including the highest Individual score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[59] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[60] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[61]
Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level.
India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[62] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 2–1 lead in the series.[63][64] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 4–1.[65] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[66] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's performance against Bangladesh moved him to the top spot.[67]
Two cancelled series in Sri Lanka, one due to the withdrawal of South Africa from the Unitech Cup due to security concerns[68] and the replacement 3-match ODI bilateral series against Sri Lanka washed due to rain,[69] was India's prelude to another disappointing tournament – DLF Cup 2006-07. Dhoni scored 43 runs as the team lost twice in three games and did not qualify for the finals. India's lack of preparation showed in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy as they lost to West Indies and Australia, though Dhoni scored a half-century against West Indies. The story of the ODI series in South Africa was the same for both Dhoni and India as Dhoni scored 139 runs in 4 matches and India lost the series 4–0. From the start of the WI ODI series, Dhoni had played 16 matches, hit just two fifties and averaged 25.93. Dhoni received criticism on his wicket keeping technique from former wicketkeeper Syed Kirmani.[70]
Preparations for the 2007 Cricket World Cup improved as India recorded identical 3–1 victories over West Indies and Sri Lanka and Dhoni had averages in excess of 100 in both these series. However, India unexpectedly crashed out the World Cup after losses to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Dhoni was out for a duck in both these matches and scored 29 runs in the tournament. After the loss to Bangladesh in 2007 Cricket World Cup, the house that Dhoni was constructing in his home-town Ranchi was vandalised and damaged by political activists of JMM.[71] The local police arranged for security for his family as India exited the World cup in the first round.[72]
Dhoni put his disappointment in the World cup behind him by scoring 91* against Bangladesh after India were left in a tight spot earlier in the run-chase. Dhoni was declared the man of the match for his performance, his fourth in ODI cricket. He was also later adjudged the man of the series after the third game of the series was washed away. Dhoni had a good Afro-Asia Cup, getting 174 runs in 3 matches at an average of 87.00, with a blitzkrieg 139 not out of 97 balls, a Man of the Match innings, in the 3rd ODI.
Dhoni was nominated as the vice-captain of the ODI team for the series against South Africa in Ireland and the subsequent India-England 7-match ODI series.[25] Dhoni, who received a 'B' grade contract in December 2005, was awarded an 'A' grade contract in June 2007. And also he was elected as captain of Indian Twenty-20 Cricket Team for the World Twenty20 in September 2007. On 2 September 2007 Mahendra Singh Dhoni equalled his idol Adam Gilchrist's international record for the most dismissals in an innings in ODI by catching 5 English players and stumping one.[73] He led India to the ICC World Twenty 20 trophy in South Africa with a victory over arch rivals Pakistan in an intensely fought final on 24 September 2007, and became the second Indian captain to have won a World cup in any form of cricket, after Kapil Dev. Dhoni took his first wicket and ODI wicket on 30 September 2009. He bowled Travis Dowlin from the West Indies. During the series between India and Australia, Dhoni hit an aggressive 124 runs in just 107 balls, in the second ODI, and a measured knock of 71 runs in 95 balls, along with Yuvraj Singh, saw India home by 6 wickets, in the third ODI.
Dhoni topped the ICC ODI Batsman rankings for several months continuously in 2009, it was Hussy from Australia who replaced him for the top spot in the beginning of 2010.[74]
Dhoni had an excellent year in ODIs in 2009 scoring 1198 runs in just 24 innings at an astonishing average of 70.43. Dhoni was also the joint top-scorer in ODIs in 2009 along with Ricky Ponting, but the latter having played in 30 innings.
On 12 February 2012, Dhoni made an unbeaten 44 to guide India to their first win over Australia at Adelaide. In the final over, he hit a monstrous six which travelled 112 metres off the bowling of Clint McKay. During the post-match presentation, he described this six as more important than the one he hit during the ICC World Cup final in 2011.[75]

Test career

Test Career of Dhoni. Each bar indicates a single innings and the red line indicates the progression in his career batting average. An alternative image showing a 10 innings moving average is available.
Following his good one-day form against Sri Lanka, Dhoni replaced Dinesh Karthik in December 2005 as the Indian Test wicket-keeper.[76] Dhoni scored 30 runs in his debut match that was marred by rain. Dhoni came to the crease when the team was struggling at 109/5 and as wickets kept falling around him, he played an aggressive innings and was the last man dismissed.[77] Dhoni made his maiden half-century in the second Test and his quick scoring rate (half century came off 51 balls) aided India to set a target of 436 and the Sri Lankans were bowled out for 247.[78]
India toured Pakistan in January/February 2006 and Dhoni scored his maiden century in the second Test at Faisalabad. India were left in a tight spot as Dhoni was joined by Irfan Pathan with the team still 107 away from avoiding follow-on. Dhoni played his typical aggressive innings as he scored his maiden test century in just 93 balls after scoring his first fifty in just 34 deliveries.[79]
Dhoni at fielding practice.
Dhoni followed his maiden test century with some prosaic batting performances over the next three matches, one against Pakistan that India lost and two against England that had India holding a 1–0 lead going into the test match. Dhoni was the top scorer in India's first innings in the third test at Wankhede Stadium as his 64 aided India post a respectable 279 in reply to England's 400. However Dhoni and the Indian fielders dropped too many catches and missed many dismissal chances including a key stumping opportunity of Andrew Flintoff (14).[80] Dhoni failed to collect the Harbhajan Singh delivery cleanly as Flintoff went on to make 36 more runs as England set a target of 313 for the home team, a target that India were never in the reckoning. A batting collapse saw the team being dismissed for 100 and Dhoni scored just 5 runs and faced criticism for his wicket-keeping lapses as well as his shot selections.
On the West Indies tour in 2006, Dhoni scored a quick and aggressive 69 in the first Test at Antigua. The rest of the series was unremarkable for Dhoni as he scored 99 runs in the remaining 6 innings but his wicket-keeping skills improved and he finished the series with 13 catches and 4 stumpings. In the test series in South Africa, Dhoni's scores of 34 and 47 were not sufficient to save the second test against the Proteas as India lost the test series 2–1, squandering the chance to build on their first ever Test victory in South Africa (achieved in the first Test match). Dhoni's bruised hands ruled him out of the third test match.[81]
On the fourth day of the first Test match at Antigua Recreation Ground, St John's, Antigua during India's tour of West Indies, 2006, Dhoni's flick off Dave Mohammed to the midwicket region was caught by Daren Ganga. As the batsman started to walk back, captain Dravid declared the innings when confusion started as the umpires were not certain if the fielder stepped on the ropes and Dhoni stayed for the umpire's verdict. While the replays were inconclusive, the captain of the West Indies side, Brian Lara, wanted Dhoni to walk-off based on the fielder's assertion of the catch. The impasse continued for more than 15 minutes and Lara's temper was on display with finger wagging against the umpires and snatching the ball from umpire Asad Rauf. Ultimately, Dhoni walked-off and Dravid's declaration was effected but the game was delayed, and Lara's action was criticised by the commentators and former players. Lara was summoned by the match referee to give an explanation of his actions but he was not fined.[82]
Dhoni scored two centuries in Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009, a series of 3 matches in which he led India to a 2–0 victory. With this feat, India soared up to the number 1 position in Test cricket for the first time in history. India scored 726–9 (decl) in the third match of this series, which is their highest Test total ever.[83]

Captain of India

Dhoni behind Stumps
Dhoni was named the captain of India Twenty 20 squad for the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 held in South Africa in September 2007.[84] India were crowned champions as Dhoni led the team to victory against Pakistan in a thrilling contest.[85] He, then went on to become the ODI captain of the Indian team for the seven-match ODI series against Australia in September 2007.[86] He made his debut as full-time Test captain of India during the fourth and final test against Australia at Nagpur in November 2008 replacing Anil Kumble who was injured in the third test and who then announced his retirement. Dhoni was vice-captain in this series up to that point.[87] India eventually won that Test thus clinching the series 2–0 and retained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.[88] Dhoni had previously captained India on a stand-in basis against South Africa and Australia in 2008 and 2009 respectively.
It was under his captaincy that India climbed to No. 1 in the ICC Test Rankings in December 2009. After that he managed to lead India in a series-levelling world championship of Tests against the South Africans in February 2010.
After winning the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup for India against Sri Lanka on 2 April 2011 with his match winning knock of unbeaten 91, Tendulkar heaped praises on Dhoni, claiming him to be the best captain he has played under. Tendulkar mentioned that it was Dhoni's calm influence that was rubbing off on all his team-mates and even under such extreme pressure from every corner the way Dhoni handles it and brings the best out of him was just incredible. Saurav Ganguly also said in an interview to a news channel that Dhoni is the all time greatest captain of India and he has a great record to support this credential.

Two-match ban

Dhoni was handed a two-match ban from playing in the ODI series against Sri Lanka for the team's slow over-rate during the second one-dayer in Nagpur (18 December 2009).[89]

World Cup

Under Dhoni's captaincy, India won the 2011 World Cup. In the final against Sri Lanka, chasing 275, Dhoni promoted himself up the batting order, coming before Yuvraj Singh. When he came to bat India needed more than six runs per over with three top order batsmen already dismissed. He started building a good partnership with Gautam Gambhir. Due to good strokeplay and active running between wickets, they kept up with the required run rate. Dhoni was on 60 off 60 balls, but later accelerated with a greater flow of boundaries, ending with 91 not out off 79 balls. Befitting the occasion, he finished the match with a huge six over long-on off bowler Nuwan Kulasekara.
Later he admitted in the post match presentation that he came up the order so as to counter the Muralitharan spin threat as he was very familiar with Murali's bowling, being his team-mate in the Indian Premier League (IPL) franchise Chennai Super Kings. He had come after the dismissal of Virat Kohli, also a right-handed batsman. By partnering with the left-handed Gambhir, he ensured a right-left combination at the crease that makes it difficult for bowlers to settle into a rhythm.
The bat used by Dhoni in the final match,which got the team winning six was sold for INR 72 Lac. The money goes to Sakshi Rawat Foundation, operated by Dhoni's wife Sakshi Rawat to help orphan children.[90]

Cricket performance

ODI Cricket

ODI career records by opposition
# Opponent Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumping
1 Africa XI[91] 3 174 87.00 139* 1 0 3 3
2  Australia 29 840 40.00 124 1 4 28 10
3  Bangladesh 13 338 67.60 101* 1 1 13 8
4  Bermuda 1 29 29.00 29 0 0 1 0
5  England 32 1094 52.09 96 0 9 31 8
6  Hong Kong 1 109 - 109* 1 0 1 3
7  Ireland 1 34 34.00 34 0 0 3 0
8  Netherlands 1 19 - 19* 0 0 1 0
9  New Zealand 11 309 51.50 84* 0 2 7 2
10  Pakistan 29 1208 60.40 148 2 9 25 6
11  Scotland 1 - - - - - 2 -
12  South Africa 19 386 25.73 107 0 2 7 1
13  Sri Lanka 55 2041 60.02 183* 2 16 58 15
14  West Indies 19 521 47.36 95 0 3 16 5
15  Zimbabwe 2 123 123.00 67* 0 2 0 1
Total 217 7225 52.35 183* 8 48 206 68
ODI Centuries:
ODI centuries
# Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year
1 148 5  Pakistan ACA-VDCA Stadium Vishakapatnam, India 2005
2 183* 22  Sri Lanka Sawai Mansingh Stadium Jaipur, India 2005
3 139* 74 Africa XI[91] MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2007
4 109* 109  Hong Kong National Stadium Karachi, Pakistan 2008
5 124 143  Australia VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009
6 107 152  Sri Lanka VCA Stadium Nagpur, India 2009
7 101* 156  Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla Cricket Stadium Dhaka, Bangladesh 2010
8 113* 212  Pakistan MA Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2012

ODI records

  • On 31 October 2005 Dhoni scored 183* runs of just 145 balls against Sri Lanka in Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur, which is the highest score made by any batsman in the second innings which was latter bettered by Australian player Shane Watson who scored 185* of 96 balls against Bangladesh at Dhaka on 11 April 2011.[59]
    • The innings featured 10 Sixes – the most by an Indian in an innings, and the fifth highest in ODIs.[92]
    • He broke Adam Gilchrist's record of 172 for the highest score made by a wicket keeper.
    • The innings set the record for the most number of runs scored in boundaries (120 – 15×4; 10×6) breaking the record held by Saeed Anwar. However this was later broken by Herschelle Gibbs (126 runs in boundaries – 21×4; 7×6) against Australia during his knock of 175.
    • The score of 183* equalled Ganguly's innings during the 1999 Cricket World Cup as the highest individual score against Sri Lanka.
  • Among Indian batsmen who have played more than 50 matches, Dhoni has the highest average.[93] Dhoni's batting average is also the highest amongst wicketkeepers in ODIs.
  • In June 2007, Dhoni(139*) and Mahela Jayawardene(107)[91] set a new world record for the sixth wicket partnership of 218 runs against Africa XI during the Afro-Asia Cup.[94]
    • Dhoni passed Shaun Pollock's record for the highest individual score by a number seven batsman in one-day internationals during his unbeaten innings of 139.[95] Incidentally, Pollock record stood for just three days as his score of 130 came in the first match of the 2007 Afro-Asia Cup while Dhoni's century came in the third and final match of the series.
    • Dhoni also holds the records of the most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicketkeeper and joint International (with Adam Gilchrist) with 6 dismissals (5 catches and one stumping) against England at Headlingly 2 September 2007.
    • Dhoni holds the Indian record of most dismissals in ODIs. He went past Nayan Mongia's 154 for India on 14 November 2008 when he caught Ian Bell off Zaheer Khan at Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground, Rajkot. However including 3 ODIs against Africa XI, his 155th dismissal was TM Dilshan caught off Munaf Patel at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on 24 August 2008.
  • Dhoni, when he was on four during his innings of 23 against Sri Lanka at R.Premadasa Stadium, Colombo on Saturday, completed 4,000 runs in ODIs. Having already effected 165 dismissals (125 catches + 40 stumpings), Dhoni became the sixth wicketkeeper after Adam Gilchrist, Andy Flower, Alec Stewart, Mark Boucher and Kumar Sangakkara to complete the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in the history of ODIs. Dhoni’s feat of completing the "double" of 4,000 runs and 100 dismissals in only 114 innings is a world record. He is the youngest wicket-keeper batsman to do so (27 years and 208 days).
  • Dhoni is the only captain in the ODI history to score a century while batting at No.7.He did this against Pakistan on 30th December2012.

Record in international cricket

Dhoni's results in international matches
  Matches Won Lost Drawn Tied No result
Test[96][97] 73 29 18 26 0
ODI[98] 208 116 78 - 2 12
T20I[99] 31 14 15 1 1
Man of the Series Awards:
S No Series (Opponents) Season Series Performance
1  Sri Lanka in  India ODI Series 2005/06 346 Runs (7 Matches & 5 Innings, 1×100, 1×50); 6 Catches & 3 Stumpings
2  India in  Bangladesh ODI Series 2007 127 Runs (2 Matches & 2 Innings, 1×50); 1 Catches & 2 Stumpings[100]
3  India in  Sri Lanka ODI Series 2008 193 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings, 2×50); 3 Catches & 1 Stumping
4  India in  West Indies ODI Series 2009 182 Runs (4 Matches & 3 Innings with an average of 91); 4 Catches & 1 Stumping
5  India in  England ODI Series 2011 236 Runs (5 Matches & 5 Innings with an average of 78.66, 3×50)
6  England in  India ODI Series 2011 212 Runs (5 Matches & 4 Innings with out been dismissed even once in the series, 2×50)
Man of the Match Awards:
S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance
1  Pakistan Vishakapatnam 2004/05 148 (123b, 15×4, 4×6); 2 Catches
2  Sri Lanka Jaipur 2005/06 183* (145b, 15×4, 10×6); 1 Catch
3  Pakistan Lahore 2005/06 72 (46b, 12×4); 3 Catches
4  Bangladesh Mirpur 2007 91* (106b, 7×4); 1 Stumping
5 Africa XI[91] Chennai 2007 139* (97b, 15×4, 5×6); 3 Stumpings
6  Australia Chandigarh 2007 50* ( 35b, 5×4 1×6); 2 Stumpings
7  Pakistan Guwahati 2007 63, 1 Stumping
8  Sri Lanka Karachi 2008 67, 2 Catches
9  Sri Lanka Colombo (RPS) 2008 76, 2 Catches
10  New Zealand McLean Park, Napier 2009 84*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping
11  West Indies Beausejour Stadium, St. Lucia 2009 46*, 2 Catches & 1 Stumping
12  Australia Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur 2009 124, 1 Catches, 1 Stumping & 1 Runout
13  Bangladesh Mirpur 2010 101* (107b, 9×4)
14  Sri Lanka Wankhede Stadium 2011 91*
15  England Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium 2011 87*, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping
16  Pakistan Chennai 2012 113*
17  Pakistan Feroz Shah Kotla 2013 36, 1 Catch & 1 Stumping

Test cricket

Test performance:[101]
Test career records by opposition
# Opponents Matches Runs Average High Score 100s 50s Catches Stumpings
1  Australia 13 596 28.38 92 0 5 34 9
2  Bangladesh 3 193 96.50 89 0 2 12 3
3  England 16 808 32.32 99 0 8 46 4
4  New Zealand 7 482 60.25 98 0 5 21 5
5  Pakistan 5 323 64.60 148 1 2 9 1
6  South Africa 10 560 37.33 132* 1 2 24 1
7  Sri Lanka 9 491 49.10 110 2 2 21 1
8  West Indies 10 430 26.88 144 1 2 36 7
Total 73 3883 38.07 148 5 28 203 31
Test centuries:
Test centuries
# Runs Match Against Stadium City/Country Year
1 148 5  Pakistan Iqbal Stadium Faisalabad, Pakistan 2006
2 110 38  Sri Lanka Sardar Patel Stadium Ahmedabad, India 2009
3 100* 40  Sri Lanka Brabourne Stadium Mumbai, India 2009
4 132* 42  South Africa Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2010
5 144 63  West Indies Eden Gardens Kolkata, India 2011
6 224 74  Australia M.A. Chidambaram Stadium Chennai, India 2013
Man of the Match Awards:
S No Opponent Venue Season Match Performance
1  Australia Mohali 2008 92 & 68*
2  Australia M.A. Chidambaram Stadium 2013 224

Test records

  • Dhoni's maiden century against Pakistan in Faisalabad (148) is the fastest century scored by an Indian wicket keeper. Only three centuries by two other wicket-keepers (Kamran Akmal and Adam Gilchrist – 2) were faster than Dhoni's 93 ball century.[102]
  • Under Dhoni's captaincy, India defeated Australia by 320 runs on 21 October 2008, biggest ever win in terms of runs for India.[103]
  • Dhoni holds the record for most catches by an Indian player in an innings. He achieved this feat by taking six catches during the first innings of the third test against New Zealand in Wellington in April 2009.
  • Dhoni also equalled Syed Kirmani's record for most dismissals in an innings by an Indian wicket-keeper. Syed Kirmani has effected 6 dismissals (5 catches and 1 stumping) against New Zealand in 1976. Dhoni now has equalled that record for most dismissals with 6 dismissals (all 6 catches) against New Zealand in 2009.
  • Dhoni currently ranks third in the all-time dismissals list by Indian wicket-keepers. With the six dismissals in the first innings of the Test match against New Zealand in Auckland in April 2009, Dhoni has now been involved in 109 dismissals. The following is the list of top five Indian wicket-keepers, in terms of all-time dismissals in test matches: Syed Kirmani (198 dismissals), Kiran More (130 dismissals), Dhoni (109 dismissals), Nayan Mongia (107 dismissals) and Farokh Engineer (82 dismissals).
  • Dhoni is now the second wicketkeeper to have effected 6 dismissals in an innings apart from a fifty in each innings of a Test match. Denis Lindsay had accomplished the feat for South Africa against Australia at Johannesburg in December 1966 — 69 & 182 and 6 catches + 2 catches.
  • Under Dhoni's captaincy, India reached their highest test score of 726–9 (decl) during Sri Lanka's tour of India in 2009. Their 2–0 victory in the series took them to the number 1 ranking in Test cricket for the first time in history.
  • Under Dhoni's captaincy, India did not lose a test match until the first test versus South Africa in Nagpur in February 2010. As a captain, he holds a record for longest unbeaten run in tests from his debut, 11 tests (8 wins and 3 draws). This record crossed former Australian captain Warwick Armstrong's run of 10 unbeaten tests (8 wins, 2 draws) from debut. In Dhoni's streak, however, there was a period of injury in which Virender Sehwag led the side (for 3 draws). So India's unbeaten streak was for 14 tests, of which 11 were Dhoni's.[citation needed]
  • However Dhoni's unbeaten streak of 11 Test matches ended during India's tour of England in 2011 and England also replaced India from No. 1 spot in ICC Test team rankings.
  • Dhoni shares with Nayan Mongia the record of most dismissals (8) by an Indian wicket-keeper in a Test match (as of February 2013).[104]
  • Dhoni holds the record of most dismissals (8 – 7 catches and 1 stumping) by an Indian wicket-keeper in a Test match which includes at least one stumping (as of Feb 2013).
  • Dhoni holds the world record for most stumpings (12) in test wins as a captain (as of February 2013) [105]
  • Dhoni’s 224 is the highest score by an Indian captain in Tests bettering Sachin Tendulkar’s 217 against New Zealand at Ahmedabad in 1999.
  • Dhoni has registered the highest Test score by an Indian wicketkeeper. On 193, he beat a long-standing record of 192 held by Budhi Kunderan against England in 1964, also scored in Chennai.
  • Dhoni has registered the highest score in Test history by a wicketkeeper-captain beating Englishman Alec Stewart’s 164 Vs South Africa in 1998
  • Dhoni is the first Indian wicket keeper to complete 4,000 Test runs.
  • Dhoni is the first wicketkeeper to score a double century in a single day.
  • Dhoni is the most successful Indian Test captain with 22 Test victories, eclipsing Sourav Ganguly’s record of 21 victories from 49 Tests.[107]

Captaincy record

Captaincy Record in Test Matches
Venue Span Matches Won Lost Tied Draw
At Home Venues 2008–2013 26 17 3 0 6[108]
At Away Venues 2009–2012 19 5 9 0 5[109]
TOTAL 2008–2012 45 22 12 0 11[110]
Captaincy Record in One Day Internationals
Venue Span Matches Won Lost Tied N/R
In India (At Home Venues) 2007–2013 51 31 17 1 2[111]
At Away and Neutral Venues 2008–2012 84 46 30 2 6[112]
TOTAL 2007–2013 135 77 47 3 8[113]
Captaincy Record in Twenty20 Internationals
Venue Span Matches Won Lost Tied N/R
In India (At Home Venues) 2007–2011 9 4 5 0 0[114]
At Away Venues 2007–2012 13 5 8 0 0[115]
At Neutral Venues 2007–2010 19 11 6 1 1[116]
TOTAL 2007–2012 41 20 19 1 1[117]
Note – In the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, India played a Super 8 Match against West Indies. This match comes under the List of Matches played in Away Venues as the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was being hosted in West Indies

Honorary Awards and Appreciations

  • The Territorial Army conferred the honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel[119] to Dhoni on 1 November 2011. He is the second Indian cricketer after Kapil Dev to have received this honour.

Match ban

Due to slow-over rate, Dhoni being the captain of Indian cricket team has seldom faced with a restrictions to play in the matches. In December 2009, he was suspended for 2 ODI matches against Sri Lanka when ICC match referee Jeff Crowe had imposed this ban as India was three over beyond the specified duration. Hence Virender Sehwag was named the skipper for the next two mathes help in Cuttak and Kolkatta.[120] Further, in January 2012 he was banned for the 4th test match against Australia in Adelaide. Dhoni was two over short during the third test in Perth.[121] Consequently, Virender Sehwag captained the Adelaide test and Wriddhiman Saha kept the wickets. In the CB Series, Dhoni again faced a one match ban for slow-over rate against Australia, for the second time in 2012.


Dhoni signed with Kolkata-based celebrity management company Gameplan Sports in April 2005.[122][123] Currently Dhoni has 20 endorsements, only Shahrukh Khan has more (21).[124] In 2007 Dhoni had 17 endorsements.[125] In July 2010, Dhoni tied up with Rhiti Sports Management and Mindscapes and has been promised a minimum guarantee of Rs 210 crore over the next three years.[126]
The following is the list of endorsements signed by Dhoni.